亚博APP

亚博APP
亚博APP
复课返校难,留学生困境如何解
2021-08-25 17:00:00
光明日报
作者:

  ruguomeiyouyiqing,zhongguoliuxueshengyanglili,cishiyinggaizaiyingguoniujindaxuedexiaoyuanli,zhunbeiboshibiyelunwen。

亚博APP  jinnian1yue,yanglilihuidaolaojiahubeienshiguonian。yiqingbaofahou,yinshenchuyiqinggaofaqu,wufafanxiao。dengdao4、5yue,guoneiyiqingzanshipinghuan,guowaiyiqingquekaishimanyan,“hangbanjianshaoshenzhitingfei,fanxiaoxiwangyiranmiaomang”。zhidaomuqian,tarengranzhiliujiazhong,budebuxianshangxuexi。

亚博APP  jinguan,zhongguoliuxueshengzhangzhoubingweihuiguo,xuanzeliushouyingguobulaidunshidesasaikesidaxue,dantabingbunenganxinxuexi,“yingguoqianshiliganranzhe,dabufenlaizizheigechengshi”。

  zuozaijiaoshitingkederiziliaoliaokeshu,zhangzhouhaishikongzhibuzhudijiaolv:budebuzaiketanglizuizaodaishangkouzhao;lianmingzhongguoliuxueshengxiangxueyuanshenqingxianshangjiaoxue;mianduijiarendehuiguoquanshuozhinenganfu,“bijinglushangyeyoufengxian”。

亚博APP  yibianshizhongguoyijingchengzhangweiquanqiudiyidaguojishengyuanguo,yue150wanrenshenchuhaiwaixuexiheyanjiu。lingyibianshixinguanfeiyanyiqingquanqiumanyanshibukedang。8yue24ri,meiguoyuehansi·huopujinsidaxuefabushujuxianshi,haiwaixinguanfeiyanyiqingleijiquezhenbinglichaoguo2000wanli,leijisiwangbinglichaoguo80wanli。

  yaomeshidanxinshoudaoxinguanfeiyanbingduweixie,yaomeshidanxinxueyezhongduanqiangongjinqi,zhongguoliuxueshengmianlinliangnanchujing。cishi,youzhuanjiazaicitichuliuxueshengzhuanxuehuiguodejianyi,bingjichulechubushexiang:“changqingteng”duiying985,zhouligaoxiaoduiying211。

  liuxueshengzhuanxuehuiguoshifoukexing?daodigaizenmezhuan?wangnalizhuan?jizhejinxinglecaifangdiaocha。

  复课返校困难重重,线上学习、休学借读一一出现

亚博APP  zaiyiqingzuiweiyanzhongde3yue,niuyuedaxuezhongguoliuxueshengguozixuan(huaming)zhanzhuanhuiguo。

  yinweiwufafanxiao,zaishangleyiduanxianshangkechenghou,guozixuanjuedingxiuxueyixueqi。“wangkexiaolvfeichangdi,guowaidaxuezhongshixueshengjiandexiaozuhezuo。ruguozhishixianshangkaihui,laiziquanqiugeguodetongxue,jingchangyuebudaoyikuai。”

亚博APP  yankanzheguowaiyiqingwufadedaoyouxiaokongzhi,yijikaolvdaoliangguoqianzhengzhengcedebianhua,guozixuanwunaibiaoshi,“kenengxiaxiagexueqidoubuyidingnenghuiqu”。yushi,jiarenyoucuicuqiguozixuanjixuxueye,zhixiwangta“zaodianbiye”。rujin,tayouhuidaodiannaoqian,kaishishangwangkele。

亚博APP  zhuandaoxianshangketanghuozhexuanzexiuxue,guozixuandelianggexuanze,shiyiqingxiaguowaidaxuetigongdezhuyaofangan。

亚博APP  weileguibixianshangjiaoxuedixiaolvdengwenti,meiguogaoxiaokaishiyuguoneigaoxiaohezuo,tuichu“jiujinruxue”xiangmu。dongbeishifandaxuefujiaoshoulijuanzhengzaimeiguochapumandaxuefangxue。taxiangjizhejieshao,shanghainiuyuedaxuejinrixuanbu,2020nianqiujixueqi,xuexiaojiangyinglailaiziniuyuedaxueheniudaabuzhabixiaoyuandeyue3100mingzhongguojixuesheng。tamenjiangyuyuanbenshanghainiuyuedaxuede1700mingdaxueshengzaishanghaikaiqixinxueqi。

亚博APP  wuduyouou,kangnaierdaxueyexuanbuqiujixueqijihua,binggongbuguojixueshengkeyizaiquanqiushijigeguojiadedangdidaxuezanshixuexi。zhongguoliuxueshengyouyuyiqingwufafanxiao,keyishenqingzaiqinghuadaxue、beijingdaxuedeng7suodalugaoxiaojiedu。

亚博APP  “caiyong‘jiedu’fangshidemeiguogaoxiaoshuliangbuchaoguo30suo。qizhong,henduogaoxiaoyuguoneigaoxiaoyouzhezhangqihezuoguanxi,huozhebenshenjiushifenxiaodejianzhi。”lijuanshuo,“‘jiedu’zanshijiejueyixiewenti,danyewufadamianjituiguang。yinwei,zhongmeiliangguozhijiandaduoshugaoxiaojian,bujubeixuefenhurendejichu。”

  “suizhejipiaojiagezhujianpingwen,xuanzefanxiaoshangxuedezhongguoliuxueshengrenshukenenghuizengjia。”lijuanjichupanduan,jibiannenggoushunlifanxiao,zhongguoliuxueshenghaimianlinyigexinwenti,“yinweiyiqingfangkongzhengce,henduomeiguogaoxiaodesushezhengzaijinxinggaizao,you2renjiangaizaocheng1renjian。liuxueshengfanxiaohoukenengshenqingbudaosushe,budebuzaiwaizufang,zheishitamenyinggaikaolvdejingjichengben”。

  超六成留美学生秋季无法返校,两成考虑“回国读书”

  xianshangxuexi、xiuxuehuozhejiedudengbanfayiyichuxian,liuxueshengzhuanxuehuiguodepoqiexing,haishengduoshao?

亚博APP  8yue14ri,youmeitifaqi《2020nianyiqingyingxiangxiazhongguoliumeixueshengxianzhuangdiaocha》,yizhouneihuishou14356fenwenjuan。63%shoufangzhezaiqiujixueqirengranwufafanxiao,22%shoufangzhebiaoshi“zhengkaolvhuiguodushu”。

  jieshoujizhecaifangshi,duomingzhongguoliuxueshengjuntijiquanguozhengxieweiyuanniminjingzaiquanguolianghuishi,tichude《jiejuejingwaigaoxiaoliuxueshengzhuanxuehuiguowanchengxueyedejianyi》。jinnian5yue,gai《jianyi》diyicijiangyiqingduizhongguoliuxueshengquntideyingxiang,baidaolegongzhongmianqian。

  zheifenshumiandahuifayantichulesangejutijianyi:guiguoliuxueshengruguoyuanyiqugaozhigaozhuanxuexide,kecaiyongmianshiruxuedefangshi;duiyuxiwangzhuanrubenkegaoxiaodexuesheng,keqiyongchabanshengkaoshizhengce;jianliguowaigaoxiaoxueyechengjizhuanhuanjizhi。

  zuijin,beijingdaxuejiaoyuxueyuanyanjiuyuanluxiaodongzongnengjiedaodianhua,pengyoudehaizizaimeiguoelegangzhouliuxue,zaiyiqingdeweixiehewangshangxuexizhong,jiazhangduiyuhaizishifouhuiguo,“chuyujiujiezhuangtai”。

  yushi,luxiaodongkaishizheshouyanjiuzheigewenti。tafaxian,liuxueshengzhuanxuehuiguo,“jiyoulishigenju,youyouxianshixuqiu,yefuhejiaoyuguilv”。

  2016nian,jiaoyubufabude《putonggaodengxuexiaoxueshengguanliguiding》diershiertiaoguiding:xueshengyibanyingdangzaibeiluquxuexiaowanchengxueye。yinhuanbinghuozheyouteshukunnan、tebiexuyao,wufajixuzaibenxiaoxuexihuozhebushiyingbenxiaoxuexiyaoqiude,keyishenqingzhuanxue。

亚博APP  zailuxiaodongkanlai,dangqian,youyuyiqingzaimouxieguojia、mouxiegaoxiaoyijingshideyixieliuxueshengdexuexiheshenghuoxianruleteshukunjing,youxiexueshengkenenghuanbinghuomianlinranbingdejudafengxian,huozhejiatingyinyiqingyingxiangwufazaijingjishangzhichihaizijixuliuxue。“lilunshangshuo,zheixiexueshengkeyitichuzhuanxueguoneigaoxiaodeshenqing。”

亚博APP  “congjiaoyushishangkan,zhuanxuezhiduzaiwoguogaodengjiaoyuzhongyizhicunzai。”ciwai,luxiaodongyanjiufaxian,“zhuanxuetongyangshimeiguogaodengjiaoyuzhiduzhongdezhongyaozuchengbufen。”

  muqian,chengshudezhuanxuezhidudeqiantishixuefenhuren,jichengrenzaiciqiangaoxiaoxueshenganzhaoxuefenzhidujisuandexuexijinglizhenshiyouxiao。

  “jiaoyubuliuxuefuwuzhongxintongchanghuizaizhongguoliuxueshenghuodeguowaidaxuebiyezhenghou,duibiyezhengdeyouxiaoxingjinxingshenhe、renzheng,yejiushichengrenzhongguoliuxueshengzaizheixiezhengguixuexiaodezhengtiliuxuejingli。”luxiaodongjiucishexiang,“weishenmebunengyouguoneigaoxiaofenduanrenkeliuxueshengzaiguowaidaxuesuohuoxuefendeyouxiaoxingni?biru,renkeqizaihaiwaigaoxiaobenkeqianliangniandexuefen,yizaiteshuqingkuangxia,fangbianliuxueshengzhuanxuehuiguo。”

  留学生意愿、学业匹配程度、高校实际容量等问题交织错落

  5yue15ri,zaijingliguowaikouzhaoshouqing,xuexiaotingke,huiguojipiao“yipiaonanqiu”,yingguoliwupudaxuedezhongguoliuxueshengyangyi(huaming),huidaolaojiazhejiangwenzhou。

  yizhiyilai,yangyidefuqinduizhuanxuehuiguodehuatibingbuguanxin,yifangmian,haizikeyixuanzequxijiaoliwupudaxue“jiedu”。lingyifangmian,tarenwei,zhuanhuiguoneizhengcefuzhushishide“kenengxingbuda”,“ruguoyidingyaoshishi,zuoweijiazhang,wozuiweiguanxindehexinwentishiwangnalizhuan,zenmezhuan?”

  “nengjieshoudedixianshibudiyuzijidebenkexuexiaoshuiping。hualeneimeduoxuefeiliuxue,weishenmehuizhuanhuiguoneigengchadexuexiaoni?”guozixuancongzhongyangcaijingdaxuebenkebiyehoujiuquleniuyuedaxue,jiudujingjixuezhuanye。

  “meiguochangqingtenggaoxiaodexueshengkexiang‘985gongcheng’gaoxiaotichuzhuanxueshenqing,zhouligaoxiaoxueshengkexiang‘211gongcheng’gaoxiaotichuzhuanxueshenqing。”luxiaodongjichuzheiyangyigechubushexiangdeduiyingguanxi,“zongtishang,yaobaozhengliuxueshengjingwaiyuanjiudugaoxiaodeduoyangxing,nenggouduiyingguoneijienagaoxiaodeduoyangxing,erbushiyigaierlun,yidaoqie”。zaijuticaozuoshang,keyicaiqujinxingtongyizhuanxuekaoshi、chabanshengkaoshiliangzhebingxingdecuoshiyibaozhenggongping。

  jizhecaifangshifaxian,duiyuliuxueshengzhuanxuehuiguodejianyi,yisuozhongwaihezuodaxuebiaoshi“yuanyi”jieshouzhuanhuiguoneideliuxuesheng,danyetanyan,“meiyouxiangguanzhengcezhichi”。congmuqiankan,“xueshenghuilaizhihou,meibanfazhengchangzhucezaijiaoyubudexuejixitong,yejiuyiweizhe,tamenzhuanhuilaijiudubiyehounabudaoxueweizheng”。

  zainiujindaxuejiudujiaoyuxueboshideyanglilitixingjizhe,liuxueshengzhuanxuehuiguodezheiyijianyi,xuyaotongshikaolvxueshengdeyiyuan、yiwanchengxueyeyuguoneixueyedepipeichengdudengduofangmianyinsu。“qizhong,xueyedepipeichengduxuyaokaolvdaozhuanyeshipeidu、xueyeneironglianguanxing、xuexiaocengcideleisixing、xueyenianxianshezhidengyinsu。”

亚博APP  lingyifangmian,guoneidaxueyexuyaocongzhaoshengjihua、xuejiguanli、xueshengbutieyujingfeihuabodengjiaoxueziyuandeshijirongnanenglichufa,jiayichouhua。“wentidefuzachengdu,jiangyuandayuhuifuyanxiashouyiqingchongjidejiaoxuezhixuneimejiandan。”yanglilishuo。

  自由转学与教育公平如何平衡

亚博APP  jiaoyubushujuxianshi,2018nian,woguochuguoliuxuerenyuanrenshujiuda66.21wanren,qizhongguojiagongpailiuxue3.02wanren,danweigongpai3.56wanren,zifeiliuxue59.63wanren。

  “liuxueshengshirencai。suiranweinengzaiguowaiwanchengxueye,dantamenyijingyongyouyixiemingxianyoushi,biruyuyanyoushi、zhuanyeyoushi。”zailuxiaodongkanlai,zheixiezhuanxueshenqingzhejuyouyidingxueshunengli,“liuxuerencaixuanzehuiguo,yenengfuwuyuguojiajianshe。”

  duici,guojiajiaoyukaoshizhidaoweiyuanhuizhuanjiazuchengyuanchenzhiwentichulezhiyi。jinxienianlai,chuguoliuxuewanquanbianchengyichangjingjizhichengxiadegenghaojiaoyudelujingxuanze,erfeiyouxiudecailiuxue。“wobufourenyouxiudeliuxueshengquntidecunzai,shenzhiyuelaiyueduo,danqiangdiaoliuxueshengdezhengtiyouxiu,xianranyoushipianpo,bunengzuoweiliuxueshengziyouzhuanxuehuiguozhengdangxingdejichu。”

  “daxuezhuanxuezhidudequeyoucunzaidebiyao,zaixifanggengshiyigepubiandezhidujianshe。”yibanlaishuo,zhuyaoshizaiernianjijieshuzhuanxue,yinianjibijiaoshao。lingwaiyigetedianjiushi,zhumingdaxuedezhuanxueshengzhanbidoufeichangdi,shenzhibuzu2%,biruhafo、pulinsidundeng,youxienianfenyigezhuanxuedoumeiyoushou。danshiyibanputongdaxue,biruyixiezhoulidaxue,zhuanxuelvxiangduidoubijiaogao。chenzhiwentidao,guanjianwentishizhongguogaoxiaodezhuanxuezhidulilunshangyizhicunzai,danshishijianzhongjishaochuxian,“yuanyinjiushiguoneizhuanxuedeshenqingtiaojianyanke,qibeihoushiduijiaoyugongpingdebashou”。

  2015nian,jiaoyubufabu《guanyujinyibuguifanputonggaodengxuexiaozhuanxuegongzuodetongzhi》,jizheshulifaxian,duiyuzhuanxueyuanyinzhixianyuliangzhong,yigeshiyinbing,yigeshiteshukunnan,birufumuxuyaojiujinzhaogu,huozhedaoshishenguwufajixuxueye。

亚博APP  ciwai,zaizhuanruxuexiaoshang,《tongzhi》yehenmingque:gaokaofenshuzaidangnianbudiyuzhuanruxuexiao,zhinengconggaocengcixuexiaoxiangdicengcixuexiaozhuan,birushuobenkezhuanzhuanke,211zhuanfei211,985zhuanfei985;yanjiushengerquzhaoshengdanweiluquxueshengkezhuanruyiquzhaoshengdanwei,yanjin“fanxiangzhuanxue”。

  “yinweishouxufansuo,guoneigaoxiaojianzhuanxuedeanlihenshao。huanjuhuashuo,chuyuquebaojiaoyugongpingdeyaoqiu,guoneidaxuedezhuanxuezhidujibenshi‘shuzhigaoge’。ruguoguoneidaxuedoubunengziyouzhuanxue,neime,pingshenmeliuxueshengkeyiziyouzhuanxuehuiguoneini?”

  duiyuyourenjianyimofangguonei“gaozhuandi”deyuanzeyaoqiu,huozhejinxingchabanshengkaoshi,xinaliuxueshengzhuanxuehuiguo。chenzhiwenrenwei“keyichangshi,danjuebunengshishiziyouzhuanxuezhidu,gengbunengcaiyongshenqingshenhezhi。”tarenwei,“zaitaolunhejianliliuxueshengziyouzhuanxuehuiguozhiqian,xianyaojiejueguoneidaxuedeziyouzhuanxuezhidu,zhishaoyaogongpingduidailianggequnti。”(benbaojizhe chenpeng)

免责声明:

① fanbenzhanzhuming“gaojianlaiyuan:yaboapp”desuoyouwenzi、tupianheyinshipingaojian,banquanjunshubenwangsuoyou,renhemeiti、wangzhanhuogerenweijingbenwangxieyishouquanbudezhuanzai、lianjie、zhuantiehuoyiqitafangshifuzhifabiao。yijingbenzhanxieyishouquandemeiti、wangzhan,zaixiazaishiyongshibixuzhuming“gaojianlaiyuan:yaboapp”,weizhebenzhanjiangyifazhuijiuzeren。

亚博APP② benzhanzhuminggaojianlaiyuanweiqitameitidewen/tudenggaojianjunweizhuanzaigao,benzhanzhuanzaichuyufeishangyexingdejiaoyuhekeyanzhimude,bingbuyiweizhezantongqiguandianhuozhengshiqineirongdezhenshixing。ruzhuanzaigaoshejibanquandengwenti,qingzuozhezailiangzhouneisulaidianhuolaihanlianxi。

相关新闻
亚博APP 2021-10-15 19:38
亚博APP 2021-09-29 15:21
亚博APP 2021-09-27 17:13
亚博APP 2021-09-27 11:18
亚博APP 亚博APP 亚博APP 亚博APP 亚博APP 亚博APP